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Brickellia simplex A. Gray

Family: Asteraceae

Description: Stems herbaceous to 60 cm in height; leaves simple, opposite and triangular-ovate, coarsely toothed, cordate or subcordate at the base, usually exceeding 15.0 mm in length and 2.0 mm in width; heads solitary or few on long naked peduncles with about 60 flowers in each head; involucre about 13.0 mm in height.

Distribution: Rare in southern and southwest New Mexico, even though the type locality is in Lincoln County; uncommon in the Chiricahua, Huachuca, and Patagonia mountains of southeast Arizona, but probably more common in Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico.

Specimens Seen or Cited: UAZ: No collections in this herbarium but it is listed in A Catalogue of the Flora of Arizona. NMSU: Total of 6 collections, all from Hidalgo County, NM. Localities include: Skull Canyon, Peloncillo Mts., grassy canyon under oaks, Sec. 10, T - 30S, R - 21W, T. K. Todson, 3 Sept. 79. Upper North Fork, Maverick Spring Canyon, Bioresearch Ranch, Peloncillo Mts., under oaks in shaded canyon bottom, Sec. 2, T - 30S, R - 21W, 5,800 ft in elevation, T.K. Todson, 17 Sept. 80. Clanton Draw, 1.3 miles E. of NM-AZ border, roadside of Geronimo Trail Road, (USFS 63) at the start of trail to Skeleton Canyon, NW1/4 Sec24, T - 32S, R - 22W, 5,400 ft in elevation, D. Ward & D. Peterson, 5 Sept. 83. West slope of Animas Mts. on Gray Ranch, perennial on rhyolitic rocks, S-facing slope, SE1/4 Sec 8, T - 32S, R - 19W, 6,750 ft in elevation, L. McIntosh, 20 Sept. 94.

Discussion: This species is peripheral in southern New Mexico and Arizona. It is relatively common in the Sierra Madre of Mexico and should not be considered a rare species.

Important Literature:

Kearney, T.H. and R.H. Peebles. 1951. Arizona flora.

Lehr, J. Harry. 1978. A catalogue of the flora of Arizona.

Martin, W.C. and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.

1879. Proc. Am. Acad. 15:30. (Original Citation)

Information Compiled By: Jack Carter, 1997

Photo credits in header Peniocereus greggii var. greggii © T. Todsen,
Lepidospartum burgessii © M. Howard, Argemone pleiacantha ssp. pinnatisecta © R. Sivinski
Design: J. Mygatt; Copyright © 1999-2005 New Mexico Rare Plant Technical Council