Eurybia horrida (Not NMRPTC Rare)
[taxon report][distribution map][all photos][line drawing]
Scientific Name: Eurybia horrida (Wooton & Standley) Nesom
Synonyms: Aster horridus (Wooton & Standley) Blake; Herrickia horrida Wooton & Standley
Vernacular Name: Spiny aster
R-E-D Code: 1-1-2
Description: Suffrutescent shrub from a branching, subterranean caudex; above ground stems somewhat woody but not perennial, 4-8 dm tall, usually glandular in the inflorescence; leaves sessile, 3-5 cm long, oblong to oblong-ovate, rigid, thick, spiny-toothed on the margins; flower heads solitary at the tips of short branches, about 10 mm high; outer involucral bracts leaf-like, inner bracts spine-tipped or merely sharp-pointed, in 2-3 series; ray flowers violet-purple; disk flowers yellow; pappus of numerous stiff bristles; achenes glabrous. Flowers July to October.
Similar Species: This plant is unlikely to be confused with any other aster-like species. Its woody stems and thick spiny leaves are distinctive.
Distribution: New Mexico, Colfax, western Harding, eastern Mora and eastern San Miguel counties, upper Canadian River Basin; adjacent Colorado, Las Animas County.
Habitat: Sandy shales on mountain and canyon slopes, from upper montane conifer forest down to juniper savanna; often associated with oak scrub; 1,250-3,250 m (4,100-10,700 ft).
Remarks: This species has a range of at least 125 miles and is fairly frequent within its range. The range and abundance of this species are too great to qualify as rare under NMRPTC criteria.
This species has great ecological amplitude occurring on dry, south-facing slopes in high mountains and shaded, north-facing slopes at low elevations. It is an attractive shrub worthy of ornamental cultivation.
The original genus name, Herrickia, honors Dr. C.L. Herrick, geologist, amateur botanist, and early president of the University of New Mexico.
Conservation Considerations: This plant is sporadically distributed, but not infrequent within the Canadian River Basin of New Mexico. Many large, healthy populations are known in areas that have already been impacted by mining and road building. Several others are in remote, inaccessible areas where they are not threatened by the prevailing land uses. It does not appear to be eaten by browsing herbivores.
Important Literature (*Illustration):
Nesom, G.L. 1994. Review of the taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae: Astereae), emphasizing the New World species. Phytologia 77(3):141-297.
*New Mexico Native Plants Protection Advisory Committee. 1984. A handbook of rare and endemic plants of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
*Wooton, E.O. and P.C. Standley. 1913. Descriptions of new plants preliminary to a report upon the flora of New Mexico. Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium 16:109-196.
Information Compiled By:
Robert Sivinski, 1999; last updated 2006