[taxon report][distribution map][all photos][line drawing]
Scientific Name: Desmodium metcalfei (Rose & Painter) Kearney & Peebles
Synonyms: Meibomia metcalfi Rose & Painter
Vernacular Name: Metcalfe's ticktrefoil
R-E-D Code: 1-1-2
Description: Perennial; stems erect or ascending, clustered, 3-9 dm long, glabrate or strigose to inflorescence; petioles 1-3 cm long; leaves trifoliolate; leaflets oblong-lanceolate, the terminal longest, to 3-6 cm, generally about 1 cm wide, 4-5 times longer than wide, glabrous to slightly strigose above, somewhat pale below and either glabrous or strigose on nerves; inflorescences axillary and terminal, elongating to 5-30 cm in fruit; pedicels spreading; calyx about 2 mm long; corolla about 5 mm long, purple; stamens with filaments united into a tube; fruits stipitate for 1-2 mm, segmented (fruits are loments), crenate above, moderately notched below, sometimes twisted, segments 2-5, each 5-6 mm long, surface with fine, stiff, hooked hairs. Flowers August to October.
Similar Species: Desmodium metacalfei is similar to D. cinerascens, which occurs in southeastern Arizona, but whose leaflets are villous below. The trifoliolate-leaves of Desmodium are similar to those in Phaseolus, whose stems are twining. Other trifoliolate sympatric genera, Cologania and Galactia, as well as Phaseolus, all have diadelphous stamens (united by their filaments into two unequal sets), whereas D. metcalfei has monadelphous stamens.
Distribution: New Mexico, Grant and Sierra counties; Arizona, Cochise, Coconino, Gila, Pinal, Santa Cruz, and Yavapai counties; Mexico, Sinaloa.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and canyons in grasslands, oak/piñon-juniper woodlands, and riparian forests; 1,310-2,000 m (4,000-6,500 ft).
Remarks: This plant is broadly distributed in Arizona, but there are relatively few collections (14) in the database of the Southwest Environmental Information Network (SEINet). The specimen from Sinaloa, Mexico, is about 1,000 km (625 mi) disjunct from the nearest collections in southeastern Arizona. This genus is often considered to be difficult because collected specimens often lack fruit, and intermediate leaf shapes and sizes are common.
Conservation Considerations: Current land uses apparently pose no threat to this species. Additional field searches are needed to determine the rarity of this plant.
Important Literature (*Illustration):
Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
Kearney, T.H. and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora, second edition with supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Rose, J.N. and J.H. Painter. 1905. Some Mexican species of Cracca, Parosela, and Meibomia. Botanical Gazette 40:143-146.
Wooton, E.O. and P.C. Standley. 1915. Flora of New Mexico. Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium 19:372.
Information Compiled By:
David Bleakly, 1999; last updated 2009