Aliciella formosa (Aztec gilia, beautiful gilia)
GILIA FORMOSA GREENE
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Perennial, 7-30 cm tall, older plants woody at the base, glandular; stems numerous, branched; leaves entire, 25 mm long, sharp-pointed; flowers pinkish-purple, trumpet-shaped, about 22 mm long. Flowers April and May.
Aliciella formosa is a perennial with a woody base and entire leaves. Aliciella haydenii and A. subnuda have herbaceous stems and pinnatifid leaves.
New Mexico, San Juan County, near Aztec and Bloomfield.
Salt desert scrub communities in soils of the Nacimiento Formation; 1,500-1,950 m (5,000-6,400 ft).
Aliciella formosa is only found growing in soils derived from the Nacimiento Formation and is often found with Sclerocactus cloveriae ssp. brackii, another rare plant found in San Juan County.
Aliciella formosa occurs in an area of intense oil and gas exploration and development. A recent status report documented significant declines in plant numbers from historic records. This plant does not transplant well and is difficult to raise from seed.
*New Mexico Native Plants Protection Advisory Committee. 1984. A handbook of rare and endemic plants of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Porter, J.M. 1998. Aliciella, a recircumscribed genus of Polemoniaceae. Aliso 17(1):23-46.
Roth, D., and R. Sivinski. 2018. Status report Aztec gilia (Aliciella formosa), San Juan County, New Mexico. Unpublished report prepared by the NM Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Deparment, Forestry Division, Santa Fe NM, for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Region 2, Albuquerque, NM.